AİHM’den Türkiye’ye Rekor Tazminat Cezası!

fft5_mf964305Avrupa İnsan Hakları Mahkemesi (AİHM), 1974 Kıbrıs Harekatı’na karşı Rum Yönetimi tarafından açılan ve bundan 13 yıl önce kararını açıkladığı davada ödenecek tazminatın miktarını belirledi.

AİHM, bugün açıkladığı kararında  kırılması zor bir tazminata hükmetti. AİHM’nin temyiz makamı olarak görev yapan 17 yargıçtan oluşan Büyük Daire tarafından duyurulan karar gereği Türkiye, 90 milyon Euro tazminat ödeyecek.

Türkiye’nin devletler arası bir davada ilk kez tazminat ödemeye mahkum edilmesi açısından da önem taşıyan AİHM kararına temel oluşturan dava, 1974 harekatı sırasında kaybolan Kıbrıslı Rumlar, yerlerinden edilen Rumların durumu, bu kişilerin ikamet, mülkiyet ve seçim haklarının ihlali, adanın kuzeyinde kalan Rumların yaşam koşulları gerekçesiyle Güney Kıbrıs Rum Kesimi tarafından 1994’te açılmıştı.

AİHM, bu başvuruyu 1996’da kabul edilebilir buldu. Tarafların tezlerini inceleyen AİHM, 2001’de aldığı kararda Türkiye’nin, Avrupa İnsan Hakları Sözleşmesi’nin (AİHS) 11 maddesini birden ihlal ettiğine karar verdi.

2001’de alınan karara rağmen maddi ve manevi tazminat konusundaki karar ileri bir tarihe bırakıldı.

Tazminatı açıklanan dava, Rum Kesimi tarafından Türkiye aleyhine açılan ilk devletler arası dava değil. Bununla birlikte, 1974, 1975 ve 1977’de açılan üç davada herhangi bir tazminat kararı alınmamış olması nedeniyle Büyük Daire tarafından oy çokluğuyla kabul edilen tazminat miktarı, bu tür bir dava kapsamında bir ilk olması açısından önem taşıyor.

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