“Coexistence with Cancer” is No Longer A Fantasy

One out of every five cancer patients worldwide is Chinese!

2018 Chinese Oncology Conference was held in Shenyang

There are more than 14 million new cases of cancer every year in the world. In 2014, there were 3.8 million new cancer patients in China in the year… In the face of the “cancer situation”, what should we do? At the 2018 Chinese Oncology Conference held in Shenyang on the 18th and 19th, experts said that even though cancer is called the “first killer”, as long as scientific treatment and early intervention, malignant tumors may become chronic diseases, “coexist with cancer” No longer a fantasy.

“First killer”: 1 cancer patient per 5 deaths

The “China Malignant Oncology Development Report (2017)” prepared by the China Anti-Cancer Association was published at the 2018 Chinese Oncology Conference. The report shows that in 2016, China’s urban malignant tumors ranked first in the death of the entire population. National Cancer Center tumor registration report data show that lung cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, and female breast cancer are the main common malignant tumors in China, accounting for 77% of all new cases.

“China Malignant Oncology Development Report (2017)” shows that China’s lung cancer morbidity and mortality account for 35.78% and 37.56% of the world’s lung cancer, respectively, which is the country with the most lung cancer incidence and death in the world; nearly 50% of the world’s stomach cancer and The deaths are all in China, and the 5-year survival rate of patients with gastric cancer is about 30%.

Fan Daiming, chairman of the China Anti-Cancer Association and academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said that one out of every five cancer patients worldwide is Chinese; in hospitals, one out of every five death patients is a cancer patient. The cost of diagnosis and treatment for cancer patients is more than 5 times that of common diseases.

“National oncological diseases are on the rise year by year, and have become the ‘first killer’ for health hazards,” said Luo Yahong, chairman of the Liaoning Anti-Cancer Association.

Precision medicine: the future direction of cancer treatment

Zhan Qimin, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, told reporters that he often uses an iceberg map floating on the surface to interpret cancer research: the part above the water surface is a tumor that can be found and diagnosed by the patient’s complaints and signs; the unknown part of the water surface is like a tumor. Deep molecular and molecular changes before the formation and production of clinical symptoms. “The existing clinical diagnosis and treatment is also mainly aimed at the final stage of tumor formation, which appears to be passive and the clinical efficacy is compromised.”

According to reports, at present, the international focus on cancer, covering the entire process of early screening, assisted diagnosis, accompanying diagnosis, precision treatment, the precision medical industry is gradually forming. Precision medicine has also become an important part of China’s health strategy. In 2016, the Ministry of Science and Technology held a national expert meeting on precision medical strategy, formed the National Expert Committee on Precision Medical Strategy, and proposed the China Precision Medical Plan.

“Everyone is different. There is no single drug that can be used in the world. Precision medicine is a scientific method to develop personalized treatment plans for patients.” Zhan Qimin said that it can be said that the future treatment of cancer is precision medicine. “As precision medicine becomes more effective, better improves the ability and quality of medical services, from high-end technology to popular technology, avoiding repeated ineffective medical treatment, it will also reduce medical expenses.”

“The last mile of the precision medical treatment is in the hospital.” Wang Hongyang, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said that the target of precision diagnosis and treatment is patients, and that detailed examinations and personalized measures should be implemented in the hospital. “Although it is now difficult to achieve “thousands of thousands of people” due to the influence of medical technology capabilities, it is expected that there will be a comprehensive program suitable for patients in the future, and on this basis, specific treatment will be given.”

Timely intervention: malignant tumors may become chronic diseases

Regarding the health of the whole people, the tumor is a problem that cannot be underestimated. Hao Xishan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, presided over the “Study on the Trend Analysis and Prevention of Malignant Tumors in Urban Residents” and established a monitoring system for the incidence of malignant tumors in the whole population that lasted for nearly 30 years and covered 4 million residents. “After the mortality rate of 59 kinds of cancers, as well as the incidence of death data and epidemic trend parameters for 20 consecutive years, the incidence of lung cancer increased rapidly, followed by gastric cancer. At the same time, we found that early cancer patients accounted for a relatively low proportion.” Say.

Fan Daiming said that from a medical point of view, cancer has three thirds: one third of cancer can be prevented, one third of cancer can be cured by early diagnosis, and one third of advanced cancer is correct. Treatment, life expectancy can be extended, and quality of life can be improved. “We need to focus on the last third, and grab the first two-thirds.”

Experts say that through prevention and popular science education, cancer may become a chronic disease, “coexist with cancer.” Tian Yantao, director of the Department of Pancreatic Surgery at the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, said that it is a long process for a tumor to undergo a process from initiation to formation, progress, and transfer. “For example, breast cancer splits from 1 cell into 2 cells, 4 cells, 8 cells, and then 1 lump. It may take at least 1 year and a half or even longer. If there are some early symptoms, seek medical attention, the tumor may be Will be discovered.”

“Currently, the cure rate of malignant tumors is low. The main reason is that early diagnosis and early prevention and control are not possible.” Wang Hongyang suggested that in addition to doctors and hospitals taking on the task of treating and preventing cancer, the relevant departments also need to invest in science popularization and mobilize public protection. The enthusiasm of cancer against cancer makes the people know how to live correctly, prevent diseases and control diseases, do a good job in early health prevention and control, and screen for timely treatment.

 

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