In Quebec Wage Inequalities Between Women And Men are Decreasing

In Quebec, wage inequalities between women and men are decreasing, but persist. Despite the belief that these inequalities are a thing of the past, women’s average hourly pay is still 8.1% lower than that of men, notes the Institute for Socioeconomic Research and Information (IRIS) in a new study.

On average, in 2020, a woman was paid $ 26.98 per hour in Quebec. A man, meanwhile, received hourly wages of $ 29.36. Reported over one year, this wage gap between the two sexes means that from December 1  and until the end of the year, Quebec women “work for free” compared to their male counterparts, indicates IRIS.

In 1997, the percentage gap between women’s and men’s pay was twice as large as it is today – a sign that progress has been made. “Things are improving, but they are improving very slowly,” observes Anne Plourde, co-author of the study and researcher at IRIS. “At the current rate, if nothing is done to speed things up, it will take 50 years to achieve equality between men and women,” she said.

And the gap to be filled is even larger when it comes to average annual income, due to the fact that women are overrepresented in part-time jobs. In Quebec, the total income of women ($ 39,800) was 23.8% lower than that of men ($ 52,200) in 2019, according to the report.

“What we found in our study is that the pay gap is observed regardless of the variable studied,” says Ms. Plourde. “You cannot explain this gap, for example, by the fact that women are less well educated or that they work more in a certain type of job. Because, for equivalent levels of education, for the same employment status [permanent or temporary] or for the same industries, women are in all cases underpaid compared to men, ”adds the researcher.

Notably, however, union presence appears to have a significant effect on the pay gap. So much so that by 2020, the pay gap between women and men working in unionized positions was almost non-existent, according to the study.

For equivalent levels of education, for the same employment status [permanent or temporary] or for the same industries, women are in all cases underpaid compared to men.

Quebec in a better position than Canada

While equal pay has still not been achieved in Quebec, the province still performs better than its neighbor Ontario, or even Canada as a whole – where the hourly pay differentials between women and men men are 11.5% and 11.3% respectively. This is to say that in 2020, it was “from November 18 and 19 that women [in Ontario and Canada] started working for plums,” the report noted.

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In Quebec Wage Inequalities Between Women And Men are Decreasing - /10

Summary

In Quebec, wage inequalities between women and men are decreasing, but persist.

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