Omar al-Bashir was Overthrown on Thursday by an Army Coup Coup
President Omar al-Bashir, who ruled Sudan with an iron fist for 30 years, was overthrown on Thursday by an army coup in the wake of a popular uprising, and replaced by a Transitional Military Council “for two years.
While scenes of jubilation had preceded the announcement of the departure of Mr. Bashir, the leaders of the protest movement rejected the establishment of military transition, and called for the continuation of protests.
Such protests, which now take place day and night, pose the risk of violence while the new military authorities have established Thursday a month of curfew night.
“As Minister of Defense, I announce the fall of the regime and the detention in a safe place of its leader” Omar al-Bashir, said in a statement on state television the Sudanese minister of the Awad Ahmed Benawf Defense.
Throughout the morning, when the national television had stopped its programs at dawn to announce an “important announcement of the armed forces shortly”, a huge crowd gathered in the center of Khartoum, anticipating the dismissal of the President of 75 years, in power since a coup in 1989.
“The regime has fallen, the regime has fallen!”, First chanted the thousands of demonstrators who camp since Saturday in front of the headquarters of the army.
But after the announcement at the beginning of the afternoon, the joy has subsided.
“People do not want a transitional military council,” Alaa Salah, a student who became the “icon” of the movement, said in a tweet. “We want a civil council to lead the transition.”
In full economic slump, Sudan has been the scene since December of events triggered by the decision to triple the price of bread. The dispute quickly turned into a movement demanding the “fall” of Mr. Bashir.
Washington, Paris, London, Brussels, Berlin and Warsaw have called for an emergency session in camera of the UN Security Council on Sudan, presumably for Friday.
In addition to the dismissal of the President, the Minister of Defense announced the establishment of a “Transitional Military Council” for a period of two years.
The airspace was closed for 24 hours and land borders until further notice, he said.
A cease-fire has also been announced across the country, particularly in rebel-stricken states such as Darfur, where a conflict has claimed more than 300,000 lives since 2003 according to the UN.
In 2009, the Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant against Omar al-Bashir for “war crimes” and “against humanity” in Darfur, before adding in 2010 the accusation of “genocide”.
In recent years, however, the level of violence has decreased significantly in Darfur, with Mr Bashir announcing several unilateral truces.
If the leaders of the protest got the departure of Omar al-Bashir–, the idea of a “military council” to manage a long transition – two years – is rejected.
The first country to react, neighboring Egypt, where the army also ejected Hosni Mubarak from power in 2011 under the pressure of the street, said it was “confident in the ability of the people and its army” to carry out this transition.
Shortly before the announcement of the defense minister, the powerful intelligence service in Sudan (NISS), the spearhead of the repression of demonstrations, reported the release of all political prisoners.
Omar al-Bashir was Overthrown on Thursday by an Army Coup Coup - /10
President Omar al-Bashir, who ruled Sudan with an iron fist for 30 years, was overthrown on Thursday by an army coup in the wake of a popular uprising, and replaced by a Transitional Military Council "for two years.