Israel’s “Hot” Elections 2019

Bennett and Shaked have evaporated, Kahlon has weakened, and  Israel Prime Minister Netanyahu can form a coalition that will give him peace. However, his legal situation is likely to create confusion in the distribution of portfolios. Blue and White will introduce new MKs to the Knesset who will struggle to fight the opposition.

The election results allow Benjamin Netanyahu to establish the 35th government with relative ease.

35 seats for Likud, 35 for blue and white. The results of the 2019 elections gave rise to a phenomenon that the Knesset has not seen since the 1990s: two huge parties that dominate most of the Knesset seats. The moderate parties shrank. Usually this is a positive phenomenon, but what are the chances of being seen again?

Benjamin Netanyahu is celebrating today one of the greatest victories in his political life, if not. After 13 years in power, with three indictments poking around the corner, he achieved the best result he ever brought and paved his way to the fifth term, breaking the record of David Ben-Gurion’s post.

In these elections there were supposed to be all sorts of two games that would play the cards against him – but he completely mixed all the cards and proved that he was the joker who was canceling all the strong moves. The Attorney-General’s decision to indict the prime minister, subject to a hearing, added a permanent label of bribery to Netanyahu’s head (subject to a hearing) and also a stipend for his fifth term in office, but did not dramatically change the rules of the game. Even the big bang by Benny Gantz and Yair Lapid in the center-left bloc was supposed to shake the foundation on which Netanyahu’s government rests, and for the first time to present Netanyahu’s challenge, and Gabi Ashkenazi’s entry into the political arena as well. The new discoveries in submarines and stocks, including the strange and hidden ties with our cousins ​​and friends in Egypt, created a lot of hours of talk in television studios but did not seep into the voter. Last night it was discovered that all genies

Immediately after the Central Elections Committee publishes the final and official results of the elections on April 17, the president of the state will begin consultations with representatives of the Knesset factions.

Should the president summon all the factions to consultations?

The law does not require the president to summon all of them, but a custom is created whereby the president invites representatives of all the factions elected to the new Knesset. Once, former President Chaim Herzog, the late President, did not invite the leader of the Kach movement, Rabbi Meir Kahane, to consult with him because of his extremist views.

Today: “Partial publication of the truth results – from 80% to 90% of the polling stations

April 17: Publication of the final results of the elections and their submission to the President of the State

April 24: The last day the president is required to delegate the position of the candidate to form the government

April 30: Opening Ceremony of the 21st Knesset with the participation of the President of the State (postponed due to Passover)

May 22: The deadline for the candidate for prime minister to complete the assembly

Why do not the consultations with the factions begin today?

Because the results are not final, because the counting of all the votes has not been completed, and a calculation of the distribution of seats in accordance with the surplus agreements has not yet been made.

In what time should the president finish the consultations?

The law requires the president to terminate the consultations within seven days (until April 24), when he must summon the person who has decided to the president’s residence to inform him officially.

Why are the president restricted by law to ending the consultations within a week?

Since it is not appropriate that after the elections the outgoing government continues to serve, they make every effort to establish a new government that has won the trust of the majority of the public.

What actually happens in consultations?

The president holds a separate meeting with the representatives of each of the factions, according to their size. In the meeting, they discuss the results of the elections and their implications and the next government. At the end of the meeting, the president asks representatives of the faction to say who the candidate they support for the establishment of the new government. The right of the factions not to recommend anyone, such as after the elections to the 18th Knesset in 2013, when representatives of Meretz and the Arab parties announced that they were not Support any candidate. At the end of the consultations, the president examines with his bureau staff the positions of all the factions and makes a decision on who to lay the government together.

Should the president put the job on the head of the largest faction or on the head of the largest bloc?

The Basic Law: The Government grants the president broad authority over the matter and states that “when a new government is formed, the President of the State shall assign the task of forming a government to one of the Knesset Members who has consented thereto.” In other words, the law does not obligate the president to place the post on the head of the largest party, nor on the person who heads the largest bloc, but on the candidate with the highest chances of forming a government.

The most prominent example was after the elections for the 18th Knesset in 2013. At the time, the late President Shimon Peres ran into a difficult dilemma, as the Kadima faction, headed by Tzipi Livni, received 28 mandates, while the Likud led by Netanyahu won 27 seats. To a government headed by Netanyahu and she had to give up the job.

How long does it take for the prime minister to form a new government?

The candidate has 28 days in which he and his team must persuade the coalition partners to join the government, sign its guidelines and reach an agreement on which cases will be handed over to them. Past experience proves that these R & D are difficult, tedious and continue almost until the last day.

If the candidate for prime minister has not been able to enlist the support of at least 61 MKs, will the president put the job on another MK?

The law allows the president to grant the candidate an extension of no more than 14 additional days and a total of 42 days. Throughout that period, the outgoing government continues to run the affairs of the state.

What happens if, at the end of this period, the candidate is unable to form a new government?

If the candidate fails to do so, the president will inform the Knesset speaker that he does not see the possibility of forming a new government, and then he will be allowed to hold a new government. According to the law, 61 MKs asked in writing that the president should assign the position to another MK who agreed to do so.

Does the president influence the composition of the government?

Past experience shows that the president has great influence. There are a number of cases in which the president exercised all his weight in a certain direction, and the most prominent example of this was after the elections for the 11th Knesset in 1984. The results indicated equality between the right-wing and left-wing parties – Labor, Mapam and Ahdut Ha’avoda – 44 seats and the Likud with 41 seats, and President Chaim Herzog persuaded party leaders Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Shamir to form a national unity government in order to successfully cope with inflation by hundreds of percent and with the security situation.

And what would happen if this attempt also fails?

In such a case, which fortunately has not yet taken place in Israeli politics,the dissolution of the Knesset and the existence of new elections within 90 days.

Reviewer overview

The Knesset of Two Huge Parties: Back to the Nineties - /10

Summary

35 seats for Likud, 35 for blue and white. The results of the 2019 elections gave rise to a phenomenon that the Knesset has not seen since the 1990s: two huge parties that dominate most of the Knesset seats

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