Turkey-Egypt Tensions Rise After Deadly Cairo Crackdown
Egypt retaliated by recalling its envoy to Turkey, whose Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has condemned what he called the “massacre” of peaceful protesters.
Erdogan, a supporter of former president Mohamed Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood movement, has infuriated the interim government in Cairo by terming his ouster a military “coup”.
Nearly 600 people were killed in the violence that erupted on Wednesday when security forces moved in to break up pro-Morsi protest camps, the worst unrest in the country since the 2011 uprising that unseated Hosni Mubarak.
International criticism has poured in, with US President Barack Obama cancelling a joint US-Egyptian military exercise and the United Nations Security Council holding an emergency meeting on the crisis.
Erdogan, who heads Turkey’s ruling Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP), had forged a close alliance with Morsi since he was elected in the country’s first free election in June 2012.
The Islamist leader was invited to the AKP’s annual congress last September where Erdogan positioned Turkey as a regional standard-bearer and a model for the successful marriage between Islam and democracy.
“We have shown everyone that an advanced democracy can exist in a predominantly Muslim country,” Erdogan told the congress.
“We have become a role model for Muslim countries.”
Turkish leaders hinted they would not break ties with the new leadership emerging in Egypt after the military uprising, despite their criticism of the army’s actions.
Analysts, however, said the bloody crackdown on demonstrators was a breaking point for Turkey, which would make it very hard for Erdogan’s government to reconcile with the military regime in Egypt.
Turkey invested both politically and financially in Egypt after Morsi’s election, aiming to bolster Ankara’s influence and show that Turkey was not the only country where Islam and democracy could coexist.
Last month, the Turkish leader cut short a holiday to hold an emergency meeting over the Egyptian crisis.
Erdogan said his country served as a “very important reference” to Egypt on why military uprisings must not be tolerated.
Turkey’s once powerful army, which has long considered itself as the self-appointed guardian of Turkish secularism, has staged four coups in half a century.
This week’s unrest in Egypt is expected to hit around 260 Turkish businesses operating in the Arab world’s most populous country.
Turkish investment in Egypt amounts to nearly $2 billion (1.5 billion euros), mostly in the textile and clothing industries.
Turkish biscuit manufacturer Yildiz Holding halted production in Egypt after a state of emergency was declared, and media reports said other businesses were likely to follow suit