Turkey Seeks Energy From Azerbaijan
The first country Turkish Prime Minster Ahmet Davutoglu visited after the November downing was neighbor Azerbaijan. Turkey depends on Russia for over half its natural gas and reducing that dependency is a priority. Ankara often describes its relationship with energy-rich Azerbaijan as “two nations, one people.” It is an obvious choice, says Sinan Ulgen, a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Institute in Brussels.
“Azerbaijan, being one of the most promising countries that can supply if need be natural gas, would allow Turkey to decrease its dependence on Russia,” Ulgen said. “But there would be certainly sensitivity in Baku in trying not to be too confrontational with Russia. Russia is a major player and has influence on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.”
Observers point out tensions have recently heightened between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, the disputed ethnic Armenian enclave inside Azerbaijan. Ankara is also looking for support from energy-rich Central Asian states which share ethnic ties with Turkey.
In December, Kyrgyzstan’s President Almazbek Atambayev called on Ankara to apologize to Moscow for the downing of the Russian aircraft by Turkish jets. Atambayev had in the past referred to his Turkish counterpart as my “old brother.” Ibrahim Kalin, the Turkish president ’s spokesman, described the apology call as unfortunate.