Syphilis Patients are Increasing Rapidly
Syphilis is an infection transmitted by sexual contact (direct contact with other people’s mucous membranes and skin). “The cause is a bacterium called Treponema pallidum, and the name of the disease is derived from the symptom of the red rash seen in the symptoms, which resembles plums. It is a type of sexually transmitted disease, a so-called sexually transmitted disease.
According to the National Institute of Infectious Diseases, the number of syphilis patients increased from 1,661 in 2014 to 2,690 in 2015, 4,518 in 2016, 5,770 in 2017, and 6,923 in 2018.
The institute recently reported that of the 1,117 women with syphilis reported in the first half of 2019, 106 were pregnant.
If a pregnant woman becomes infected with syphilis, it may affect the fetus. Syphilis infects the fetus through the placenta. Causes various complications such as meningitis and hydrocephalus. Such a condition is called congenital syphilis.
Syphilis is rapidly increasing not only in Japan but also in the United States
Actually, this situation is not limited to Japan. Syphilis is on the rise in the United States. Congenital syphilis is a serious problem.
Last September, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that the number of reported cases of congenital syphilis in 2018 was 918, nearly three times that of 362 in 2013.
At the same time, the United States Special Task Force on Preventive Medicine (USPSTF) issued a recommendation that all pregnant women should have early screening for syphilis.
The US government has repeated similar views since 2009. In 2016, the lack of injections of penicillin preparations used to treat syphilis caused a social problem. Pfizer’s production was delayed, and only 30% of the required amount could be supplied.
Despite the fact that many Americans were aware of the severity of syphilis infection, things have not improved.
Several reasons have been given. First, penicillin spread in the 1940s, and syphilis was recognized as a past disease.