Afghanistan in the Hands of the Taliban Afghan President Says that he Left the Country …
Yesterday, conflict in Afghanistan accelerated, with the Taliban entering the capital, Kabul, which means that the entire country has returned to its grip, before the date of the American withdrawal at the end of this month, and a little less than a month before the symbolic date of September 11.
Despite all that the administration of US President Joe Biden did to avoid comparing the end of America’s longest war with the heavy defeat in Vietnam 48 years ago, the conditions in Kabul yesterday were very similar to the scenes in Saigon in 1975.
In a few hours, after a series of dramatic events, the Afghan authority, both political and security, collapsed, and a large number of officials, including Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, left, while the Afghan army uniforms were seen piled up in the streets of Kabul after all the security checkpoints were dismantled.
All land routes were closed to Afghan officials, leaving only the skies open for the departures, including President Ghani and hundreds of American employees and diplomats.
After saying at the beginning of the day that their fighters would wait at the entrances to the capital until an agreement was reached to take over power, the “Taliban” returned to announce that they were forced to spread in the city to protect it from chaos and looting after the security elements left their positions and returned to their homes, stressing that they want a complete transfer of power. And not through a transitional phase.
Directly from Doha, a delegation from the leadership of the “Taliban” arrived at the Afghan presidential palace, while a spokesman for the movement sought to send messages of reassurance in all directions, as he pledged that it seeks a national unity government that includes all, and will allow women to leave without a mahram, and to learn and study, but it will be imposed She has a mandatory veil.
Later, a member of the movement’s delegation, Suhail Shaheen, assured that “people’s property and lives are safe, and there will be no retaliation against anyone” in the capital, stressing that the orders were issued pending a “peaceful transfer of power.”
In the first appearance of the features of the new situation after the fall of the Ghani government, against which accusations continued, informed sources suggested the appointment of former Interior Minister Ali Ahmed Jalali, an academic residing in the United States, as the head of an interim government.
While the head of the Supreme Council for Reconciliation, Abdullah Abdullah, said that “the former president fled the country and implicated it and the people in this situation,” Acting Defense Minister Bismillah Khan Mohammadi accused President Ghani of “handcuffing our hands behind our backs, selling the country and leaving,” noting that he transferred Part of his powers to a delegation expected to have left to negotiate with the “Taliban” in Doha.
As the Taliban advanced to Kabul airport and took control of the presidential palace, former President Hamid Karzai announced that after the departure of the president and officials and in order to prevent chaos, a committee was formed to transfer power peacefully, explaining that it includes, besides him, both Abdullah Abdullah and the leader of the former Islamic Party, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. .
These developments culminate in lightning successes achieved by the movement, which the United States ousted from power 20 years ago, in the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001. With the retreat of the Afghan army, Biden announced raising the number of forces participating in evacuating the embassy staff and Afghan civilians to 5,000, warning the movement of Obstructing this mission, and threatening a “swift and strong US military response” if American interests were attacked.
In a statement that contradicted his administration’s assertions for weeks, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said that “the Afghan forces were not able to defend Afghanistan,” adding: “We did not expect the rapid decline of the capacity of these forces.”
Refusing to compare the current situation in Kabul with the fall of Saigon, Blinken stressed that the United States “has achieved its goals, and staying in Afghanistan does not serve its interests,” noting that “four administrations invested billions of dollars in Afghan government forces, which gave them advantages over the Taliban, but they failed.” In repelling its advance, it collapsed more quickly than we expected.”
He explained that Washington had told the Taliban that there would be a “quick and decisive response” if it confronted the US military, but he stressed that “it is possible to work with any Afghan government that respects the rights of everyone, including women and minorities, and does not give its lands a refuge for terrorists.”
While the US ambassador carried the last flag and headed to Kabul airport, to which the Taliban had already advanced, Britain transferred its ambassador and all its employees and nationals abroad, on a mission carried out by about 600 soldiers.
While Italy evacuated its Afghan diplomats, nationals and collaborators urgently, via an air bridge, the German Foreign Minister announced the transfer of diplomats to Kabul airport before their scheduled evacuation today.
The Dutch Foreign Ministry said that the staff of its embassy in Kabul had been evacuated, working from a site near the airport, including all interpreters, while the French presidency announced that it was “currently doing everything in its power to ensure the security of its nationals” in Afghanistan.
Canada closed its embassy and evacuated employees, unlike Moscow, which announced that it does not intend to evacuate its embassy, noting that it is “in direct contact” with its ambassador, and that his collaborators continue to work “quietly.”
Trump: The Taliban flag above our embassy is a disgrace
Former US President Donald Trump responded to a statement by his successor Joe Biden on the situation, saying: “You ran out of Afghanistan, instead of following my plan, and what a shame, when the Taliban raise their flag over our embassy in Kabul,” adding: “This is a complete failure, because Weakness, inefficiency, and lack of complete strategic coherence.”
In April, Trump said Biden’s decision to withdraw troops was “wonderful and positive”, but criticized the timetable, stressing that he should “get out early.”
Yesterday, Biden said, “I inherited a deal made by my predecessor, and he invited the Taliban to discuss at Camp David on the eve of September 11, 2019, to put them in their strongest military position since 2001.”