Kısa Boyluların Kalp Krizi geçirme Riski Daha Fazla

hartttLeicester Üniversitesi öncülüğünde yapılan araştırmaya göre, bu farkın nedeni genetik faktörler. İngiltere’de her yıl 73 bin kişi kalp bağlantılı hastalıklardan hayatını kaybediyor. 

Bilim insanları uzun yıllardır yapılan farklı araştırmalarda, boy uzunluğu ile kalp hastalıkları arasında bir bağlantı olduğunu görüyordu.

Ancak son araştırma, bunu daha net ortaya koydu. Araştırmada kalp hastalığı geçirmiş olan ya da sağlıklı, farklı boy uzunluğunda 200 bin kişinin DNA’larını inceledi ve bireylerin boy uzunluğunu belirleyen genetik değişkenlerin, kardiyovasküler sistemin gelişiminde de etkili olduğu ortaya çıktı. Buna göre kısa boylularda, kalbe kan sağlayan ana damarlar daha dar oluyor, ve bu da yağ birikimini artırarak damar duvarlarının kalınlaşmasını kolaylaştırıyor.

Atardamarların tıkanması da kalp krizine neden oluyor. Profesör Sir Nilesh Samani, “Genetik olarak sizi kısa ya da uzun yapan değişkenler, aynı zamanda kan damarlarınızın yapısını da etkiliyor. Bu da sizin kalp hastalığı geçirme riskinizi artırıyor ya da azaltıyor” diyor. Araştırmaya göre, iki insanın boyları arasındaki her 6,35 cm’lik fark, kısa boylu kişinin kalp krizi geçirme riskini diğerine göre %13,5 artırıyor.

Profesör Samani, “DNA bir kişinin yaşam tarzı ya da sosyoekonomik şartlarıyla değişebilecek birşey değil. Kısa boy koroner kalp rahatsızlıklarıyla doğrudan bağlantılı ise, kısa boyda etkili olan genetik faktörler de kalp rahhatsızlıklarıyla doğrudan bağlantılı demektir” diyor.

Araştırmaya destek veren İngiliz Kalp Vakfı’ndan Profesör Jeremy Pearson da, Independent gazetesine yaptığı açıklamada, bunun ‘Kalp rahatsızlıklarının genetik nedenleri de olabileceğini gösteren ilk araştırma’ olduğunu belirtiyor.

Bilim insanları yine de bu araştırmadan yola çıkarak kısa boylu insanların daha sık kalp kontrolünden geçirilmesinin gerekli olmadığını, kalp hastalıklarına neden olan birçok değişik faktörün bulunduğunu belirtiyor. Doktorlar kalp hastalıklarından korunmanın en iyi yolunun düzenli egzersiz yapmak, fazla sigara ve alkol tüketmemek, aşırı kilolu olmamak, yani sağlıklı bir yaşam tarzı izlemek olduğunu söylüyor.

BBC Türkçe

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