The Impact of COVID-19 on Pregnant Women And their Babies

According to the latest research results, pregnant women with COVID-19 are less prone to symptoms than non-pregnant women with the disease, but if the condition is severe, they need intensive care.

The latest research results published today in the British Medical Journal help clarify the risks of COVID-19 to pregnant women and their babies. The paper pointed out that pregnant women with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 in the hospital are less likely to have fever or muscle pain, but if they become seriously ill, they need more intensive care than non-pregnant women with the disease.

This is the first paper on “real-time systematic review”; this current global research led by researchers from the University of Birmingham, the World Health Organization, and the Human Reproduction Special Program and other collaborators is collecting and summarizing countries around the world Situation data of pregnant women with COVID-19.

Pre-existing disease
Existing evidence suggests that people who are not white, elderly, overweight, and/or have health problems are more likely to be seriously ill from COVID-19. According to the survey results released today, pregnant women with COVID-19 are more likely to have serious health complications due to COVID-19 if they already have diseases such as diabetes or chronic hypertension, or are older or overweight. disease.

Mercedes Bonet, an author who participated in the study, commented: “There is evidence that pre-existing health conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure increase people’s risk of disease, regardless of whether they are pregnant or not.”

These findings emphasize that pregnant women and women who have recently become pregnant need to take all precautions to avoid contracting COVID-19, especially when they have underlying diseases.

Risks to newborns and women
The results of the study show that COVID-19 women who are pregnant or recently pregnant are more likely to have preterm birth. The results also showed that a quarter of all babies born to women with COVID-19 live in the neonatal ward, but there is a lack of data on the causes of premature birth or indications for admission to the neonatal ward. However, stillbirths and neonatal mortality are very low.

OVID-19 Vaccination Considerations for People Who Are Pregnant
CDC and the independent Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) have provided information to assist pregnant people with their decision to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. At this time, ACIP recommends that healthcare personnel be offered vaccination in the initial phase of the COVID-19 vaccination program. Healthcare personnel who are pregnant may choose to be vaccinated. If they have questions around getting vaccinated, a discussion with a healthcare provider might help them make an informed decision.

There are limited data about the safety of COVID-19 vaccines for people who are pregnant
Currently, there are limited data available on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines for people who are pregnant. Animal developmental and reproductive toxicity (DART) studies are ongoing and studies in people who are pregnant are planned. CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have safety monitoring systems in place to capture information about vaccination during pregnancy and will closely monitor reports.

While studies have not yet been done, based on how mRNA vaccines work, experts believe they are unlikely to pose a risk for people who are pregnant. mRNA vaccines do not contain the live virus that causes COVID-19 and therefore cannot give someone COVID-19. Additionally, mRNA vaccines do not interact with genetic material DNA because the mRNA does not enter the nucleus of the cell. Cells break apart the mRNA quickly. However, the potential risks of mRNA vaccines to the pregnant person and her fetus are unknown because these vaccines have not been studied in pregnant women.

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