The Severe Climate Damage in Taiwan from the Latest UN Climate Report
A study by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) confirmed that the past 5 years were the hottest years on record in 1850. The four major climate risks in Taiwan are compiled from the opinions of Academia Sinica Xu Huangxiong, Long Shijun, and Qiu Qirong of National Taiwan University, as well as expert opinions quoted by the Taiwan Science and Technology Media Center in June.
Taiwan‘s annual average temperature has risen faster than the global average in the past 110 years. The summer is getting longer and longer, and in recent years there are only about 20 to 40 days left in the winter (the average season length is 90 days). The shorts slinging hardly need to be put away!
Rainfall variability has increased, so the extreme conditions of dry and wetter and wetter in Taiwan will be more serious. In addition, if Typhoon Morakot strikes again, the rainfall will increase by 40%, and the chance of a strong typhoon will increase, and the rainfall will increase.
The number of days when the daily maximum temperature exceeds 34°C has increased, and the number of emergency departments, visits and non-accidental deaths of heat-related diseases such as heat stroke has also increased. Among them, women, the elderly, and children face greater health risks.
Affected by heavy rains, droughts, and warm winters, Taiwan has caused more and more natural disasters in recent years that have caused total agricultural losses of more than 100 million yuan. In this regard, the government is now no longer just issuing money, but introducing agricultural insurance policies and setting up an early warning platform for crop disasters.
On August 9, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the latest research “The Sixth Climate Change Assessment Report-The Physical Science Basis” (AR6 Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis), which was supported by scientific data and warned Warming is faster than expected, and mankind is changing the earth’s climate in an “unprecedented and irreversible” way.
“BBC” lists 5 major summaries:
Compared with the period from 1850 to 1900, the surface temperature of the earth rose by 1.09°C from 2011 to 2019.
The past 5 years (2016 to 2020) have been the hottest years since records began in 1850.
Compared with the period from 1901 to 1971, the current rate of sea level rise has increased by about twice.
Human influence has been the biggest cause of global glacier shrinkage since the 1990s, and Arctic sea ice area reduction from 1979 to 1988 and 2010 to 2019.
It is almost certain that since the 1950s, extreme high temperature events such as heat waves have become more frequent and severe, while cold events have become less frequent and less severe.
In response to this, the Delta Electronic Culture and Education Foundation held the “Delta Climate Salon” analysis report activity on August 10. The following is a combination of expert opinions from the distinguished researcher Xu Huangxiong of the Environmental Change Center of the Academia Sinica, Long Shijun, Deputy Executive Secretary of the Sustainable Science Center of the Academia “Expert Opinions on Heat-Related Mortality Research attributable to Man-made Climate Change” summarizes the four major climate risks faced by Taiwanese society.