Toothache: The 6 most Common Causes

Toothache: The 6 most common causes. Tooth decay, pain from a hole in the tooth…

How does tooth decay develop? Caries is often referred to as a common disease and unfortunately already occurs in infants. The reason for tooth decay is insufficient oral hygiene and nutrition. Even those who regularly clean can sometimes sooner or later suffer from tooth decay. Often this disease develops between the teeth and is associated with sudden toothache. If the interdental spaces are not thoroughly cleaned, most plaque will stick there. In these coverings are bacteria that convert sugar for energy. During this chemical process, the sugar is converted to an acid, which in turn attacks the healthy enamel.

Find out how caries develops and how to best prevent it

Prophylaxis: Regular brushing may slow down the process but often does not stop it completely. For this reason, cleaning the interdental spaces is just as important as cleaning the occlusal surfaces and the front and back surfaces of the teeth. You also need to know that there are certain foods that are particularly harmful to your teeth. Sugary foods are harmful to the enamel on extensive and regular ingestion. In order to protect the enamel, they should preferably resort to dairy products, meat and vegetables. Sweets are better than exception.

Treatment: Depending on how advanced the caries already is, the treatment is correspondingly extensive. First, the affected tooth must be freed from dirt caused by leftovers. Then the tooth is drilled out (caries removal) in order to be able to place a filling or inlays.

Tooth root inflammation – if the caries is not treated

What is a tooth root inflammation? This is a deep inflammation of the tooth, which is mostly caused by tooth decay.

The caries has continued into the nerve area of ​​the tooth. As a result, the caries infection can continue to spread beyond the pulp into the root of the root, which anchors the tooth in the jawbone. This usually leads to death of the tooth nerve and sudden toothache.

Symptoms: It is noticeable that such a disease is characterized by pressure and pain on the corresponding tooth.

Treatment: A quick action is needed to avoid more massive damage. First, you can relieve this toothache by cooling. In order to preserve the tooth before extraction, the so-called pulp (pulp) is usually completely removed in a root canal treatment, because the tooth can not heal on its own. Exposing the root canal tracts is important to completely remove the root canal inflammation. To be able to bring a filling into the root, the tooth is usually worked up again and prepared.

Toothache from exposed tooth necks
Symptoms: Exposed tooth necks are often the cause of toothache and are usually noticeable when eating cold, hot or sweet food. A drawing pain is like a flash of lightning. The reason for this is the decrease of the gums, which leads to the fact that the tooth necks are exposed and thus the fine channels to the tooth nerve. If cold or just hot food hits such an exposed channel, then the stimulus is passed on directly and unfiltered and you experience this lightning-like pain.

Prophylaxis: The best remedy for pain sensitive teeth is prevention. With the right brushing technique, this risk can be minimized.

Treatment: During treatment, teeth are often sealed with a fortifying fluoride varnish. In addition, the dentist applies liquid plastic to the neck of the tooth, which closes the fine dentinal tubules. Furthermore, it is recommended to use special toothpaste, which has been specially developed for pain-sensitive teeth.

Pain due to defective fillings and crowns
Symptoms: If the fillings are cracked or leaking, this is just as noticeable as if a crown is no longer sitting correctly. Therefore, if you regularly check it, you may be able to replace or replace a filling in good time. It can also toothache immediately after the filling has been used occur. However, this pain is harmless and should be gone a few days later.

Treatment: If problems occur with fillings or crowns, they are simply replaced by the dentist. Often such problems also affect children when they have a filling in the deciduous tooth. Fillings should be checked at regular intervals and replaced if necessary.

The most important information for the treatment of a dental crown

Pain due to gingivitis
Where does a gingivitis come from?

Gingivitis is often associated with exposed tooth necks. This is caused by an infection, which is usually triggered by bacteria that attach to the neck of the tooth and thus irritate the gums. Tartar may also be responsible for such inflammations. Anyone who takes the gum bleeding lightly sooner or later even risks losing healthy teeth. Not infrequently, gingivitis leads to periodontitis, a disease of the entire periodontium, which can lead to tooth loss.

Symptoms: The inflammation is manifested by mild to severe swelling of the gums. In addition, the gums bleed even with light brushing. If you also make such observations, then have it checked immediately.

Treatment: If the cause of toothache is gingivitis, then quick action is required. In order to successfully treat gingivitis and to get rid of the toothache, a professional tooth cleaning and an improvement of the oral hygiene is recommended. In a professional tooth cleaning deep-seated plaque is removed, which can not be removed by simply brushing your teeth.

Why professional teeth cleaning is crucial for your dental health 

Tip: Professional teeth cleaning is the best protection against periodontal disease, tooth decay & Co. Protect yourself now long-term and ensure.

Complaints from a tooth fracture
Where does a tooth fracture come from? Causes may be a severe fall or a blow to the face in which case the affected tooth has been injured. Of course, a tooth that has broken down completely or partially has to be treated quickly and properly treated.

Treatment: Which therapy is applied, of course, completely depends on the fracture. If only the upper part of the tooth is affected, it is reconstructed with the help of fillings. If the fracture is more profound, then other measures must be taken. Such as a root canal treatment and subsequent consecration and pen crown.

Painful deformities of the teeth
How do you create wrong positions? Adults suffer from malpositioning of teeth, for example, when the wisdom teeth break through and move the previously well-standing tooth level. This also leads to quite unpleasant toothache.

Treatment: A classic dentist can not do much at this point. Now an orthodontist is needed. Who specializes in correcting a crooked tooth level and eliminating possible toothaches.

Other toothaches and causes
Many people are not even aware that toothache can be caused by headaches or toothache caused by earache. In this case, however, it is not always clear for a patient where the toothache originated.

Sinusitis
There is a connection between the tooth root in the upper jaw and the maxillary sinuses. In some people, the cause of toothache can also be sinusitis. Because the direct connection to the maxillary sinuses can lead to a feeling of pain in the upper teeth due to inflammation there.

Heart attack and shingles
A heart attack manifests itself with different symptoms. There is evidence of acute pain radiating from the heart to the upper jaw. The Shingles is based on a viral infection with the so-called herpes zoster viruses. Rarely, however, does the virus appear on the face, thereby affecting the jaw. Of course, toothache caused by shingles must be included in the treatment.

Toothache and headache
Toothache and headache sometimes occur together. Especially if there are problems with the jaw, these special toothaches can be the cause of headaches. Sensitive patients often complain of a common occurrence of toothache and headache.

Toothache and earache
There are several causes that can lead to toothache and earache. Often, a severe cold and inflammation of the sinuses and ears is responsible for sudden toothache. Then the pain radiates from the maxillary sinuses to the teeth. Toothache and earache also occur together when people grind their teeth under stress or during the night. The cramping of the jaw musculature eventually leads to earache.

Psychosomatic causes
Tension, stress and depression sometimes cause pain in the mouth as well. Often the dentist is rather powerless with these causes. When stress strikes sensitive people, a visit to a psychiatrist is the better choice. Only the teeth grinding can treat a dentist. A so-called bite track prevents the nocturnal teeth grinding and thus the abrasion of healthy enamel.

What helps against toothache?
Toothache should always be treated quickly and promptly by a dentist. Sometimes too long stoppages can prevent a tooth from being rescued.

Short-term help for toothache: what to do?
Until an appointment with the dentist is available, short-term home treatments can help with toothache.

Painkillers: First, a simple analgesic for the toothache should provide some relief. If you decide to buy a tablet for a toothache, you should always ask a dentist for advice. Especially with hypersensitivity to drugs, these should never be done without prior clarification.

Cooling: Cooling is at the top of the list of home remedies for toothache. So that the skin suffers no frostbite, the cooling pad should be wrapped as possible in a cotton cloth.

Sage tea: A sage tea helps against inflammation in the mouth and can be drunk quietly two to three times a day.

Dental emergency service: If you are plagued by toothache at night, on weekends or on public holidays, and home remedies are not far away

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