What is the Treaty of “Medium Nuclear Powers”?
US President Donald Trump’s announcement that he will withdraw from the medium- and short-term nuclear weapons treaty signed with Russia raises questions about the history of the treaty and its relationship to global efforts to curb the spread of nuclear weapons.
The United States and Russia signed the Treaty on the Reduction of Medium- and Short-Range Missiles in 1987, and the two sides pledged to US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev not to manufacture, test or deploy any ballistic, All rocket systems, with an average range of 1,000-5500 km, have a short range of 500,000 km.
By May 1991, the Treaty had been fully implemented, with the Soviet Union destroying 1792 ballistic missiles and ground-launched launchers, and the United States destroying 859 missiles. The provisions of the treaty indicate that they are indefinite, and each party is entitled to withdraw after providing convincing proof of exit, according to the site, “Arms Control” American.
Five thousand kilometers and has high accuracy in hitting targets in Western Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, and can hit targets in the US state of Alaska.
Negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union began to curb short- and medium-range nuclear missiles from both sides, and it became clear that Washington would not deploy its missiles in Europe in return for a reduction in the number of missiles.
According to the National Interest magazine, Washington blames Russia for its possible declaration of withdrawal from the nuclear treaty, claiming Moscow violated the treaty. “But Washington’s goal of withdrawing from the agreement is to enter into a new era of strategic competition with China in the ocean waters Pacific South East Asia, according to the magazine. ”
The site pointed out that the missiles, “SS – 20″ medium-developed, published by Russia was a source of horror for Western countries, because the range reaches.
Because China has not signed the treaty, it is developing missile capabilities that Washington considers a threat to its troops in the Pacific, Southeast Asia.
“The first days can determine the fate of any future war, and having military capabilities that will enable America to reach the heart of Chinese territory is of great importance to the US military,” Christopher Johnson, a former CIA agent, told The Economist. Any confrontation with the Chinese army. ”
“If America does not have the capability to strike anti-ship missile bases inside Chinese territory, its military capabilities in the region will be limited to its bases in Japan, and sending its warships to waters near the coast of China would be unacceptable.”