How to Deal with Stress During the Spread of Infectious Diseases

The onset of coronavirus infection 2019 (COVID-19) can be stressful for people. Fear and anxiety about the disease can appear very badly and can cause intense emotions in adults and children. Coping with stress makes you, the people around you, and the community stronger.

Stress during the spread of infectious diseases is:

Fear of your own health and the health of those around you
Changes in sleep or eating patterns
Difficulty sleeping or focusing
Exacerbation of chronic diseases
Exacerbation of mental illness
Increased use of alcohol, tobacco or other drugs
People respond differently to stress.
How you respond to the spread of infectious disease can vary depending on the individual’s background, circumstances and the community in which you live.

Some people who are more likely to respond more strongly to the stress of a crisis are:

Seniors and people with chronic illness who are at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19
Children and youth
People engaged in COVID-19 response tasks, such as doctors and other medical staff and emergency personnel
People with mental health problems, including drug use problems
Caring for yourself and your community
Caring for yourself, friends and family can help you cope with stress. Helping others cope with stress can also help their communities.

How to deal with stress
Stop watching, reading, or listening to news, including social media. Continued listening to the pandemic can negatively affect your emotions.
Take care of yourself.
Deep breathing, stretching or meditating outside icon.
Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
Exercise regularly and get enough sleep.
Avoid alcohol and drug external icons.
Take time to relax. Try other activities to enjoy.
Connect with others. Discuss your worries and feelings with people you trust.

Do you know someone who needs help?
You or someone around you cannot handle emotions such as sadness, depression, or anxiety, or you experience a feeling of harming yourself or someone else

Sharing the facts about COVID-19 and understanding the risks to yourself and those around you can help reduce the stress of infectious disease outbreaks.

By sharing accurate information about COVID-19, you can help people reduce stress and build relationships with people.

Mental Health Care
If your stress persists for more than a few days and your daily activities are disrupted, contact your doctor.

People who have had mental illness before should continue treatment and detect new symptoms or worsening symptoms. Additional information can be found on the Drug Abuse and Mental Health Services.

Children and adolescents often respond to what they see in the adults around them. Parents and guardians can best help their children by staying calm and confident with COVID-19. When parents cope well, they can reassure the people around them, especially their children.

Observe your child’s behavioral changes
Not all children and adolescents respond to stress in the same way. Here are some common changes you should pay attention to:

Excessive crying or irritation in young children
Return to pre-growth behavior
Excessive worry or sadness
Unhealthy eating or sleeping habits
Youth irritability and “rebellious” behavior
Decline in grades or rejection
Difficulty concentrating or lowering attention
Avoid activities you’ve enjoyed in the past
Unexplained headache or body pain
Use of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs

How to help your child
Take time to talk with your children about the outbreak of COVID-19.
Answer questions and share facts about COVID-19 in a way that your child, a child or adolescent, can understand.
Reaffirming that young or adolescent children are safe. Share your stress management skills with your child to let them know that it is okay to feel anxious or anxious and to learn how to cope with them.
Limit your exposure to relevant news coverage within your home, including social media. Children may be afraid of misinterpreting and not understanding what they are hearing.

Follow a regular routine. When school is closed, schedule learning activities and breaks, or make a schedule for fun activities.
It should be an example for children. Rest and get enough sleep, exercise, and maintain a healthy diet. Communicate with friends and family.

High-risk group with severe disease
People in the high-risk group who are at risk for severe illness, such as the elderly and those with underlying diseases, are also at higher risk of stress from COVID-19. Special considerations include:

Older people and people with disabilities are at higher risk of experiencing mental health problems such as depression.
Mental health problems can be manifested as physical illness (headache, abdominal pain, etc.) or cognitive problems (such as difficulty focusing).
Doctors are more likely to miss mental health problems in people who:
People with disabilities compared to those without disabilities because they focus on treating underlying diseases.
Elderly people whose depression can be mistaken for a normal process of aging
Common reactions to COVID-19
You are at high risk for serious illness, so you worry about protecting yourself from viruses.
I am concerned that regular health care or community services will be stopped due to facility closures, reduced services, or closed public transportation.
Experience a socially isolated feeling. You feel isolated, especially if you live alone or in a community that does not allow visitors due to outbreaks.
I feel guilty when I am being helped by everyday activities from family members or close people.

Stress increases when:
You have had a mental health problem such as depression before the onset
If you live in a low-income family or have language barriers
You experience stigma due to age, race or ethnicity, disability, or perceived potential for COVID-19 transmission

Helping family members or those around you
Take care of the people around you, such as family and friends.  You can reduce the loneliness and isolation of yourself and the rat by using a variety of communication methods. Communicate with family and friends in the following ways.

telephone
e-mail
Mail or card mail
text massage
Video Chat
Social media
Help families and close people be safe.

Know what medications your family or close people are taking. We help you prepare prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications every four weeks. Make sure you can support them to hold additional quantities.
Identify other medical supplies (oxygen, incontinence, dialysis, and wound care-related supplies) and prepare for them.
Store non-perishable food (canned food, dried beans, pasta) at home to minimize the chances of going to a grocery store.
If you are caring for a family member or close person living in a treatment facility, monitor the situation and speak to the facility manager or staff over the phone. Frequently ask about the health status of other residents and be aware of your plans for developing an infectious disease.
Take care of your emotional health. In particular, when COVID-19 is onset, feelings can be hurt while caring for loved ones. There are ways to support yourself.

If you are sick, stay home. Do not visit family or friends who are at high risk for severe illness with COVID-19. Use virtual communication methods to support and keep your loved ones safe.

What healthcare workers can do
Helps you get in touch with family and close people, reducing stress and social isolation.
Inform the elderly and people with disabilities that it is common to feel pain during a crisis. Remind them that asking for and accepting help indicates strength.
Prepare procedures and referrals for people who show severe pain or express a desire to harm themselves or others.

What the community can do
The community’s COVID-19 Preparedness Plan should include seniors, people with disabilities, and organizations / institutions that help them in their communities to ensure that they care about their needs.

There are many of these people in the community, and many of them rely on the service and support provided by their homes or communities to maintain health and self-reliance.
To prevent COVID-19 from entering and spreading, long-term care facilities should not be vigilant. Please refer to the guidelines for long-term care facilities and nursing homes.
People released from containment
If you are quarantined, suspected of having a medical institution exposed to COVID-19, with or without symptoms, it can cause a lot of stress. Each person’s feelings after being released from containment are different.

Emotional reactions that appear after quarantining may include:

Multiple emotions, including relief from containment
Fear of your own health and the health of those around you
Your own monitoring experience of COVID-19 signs and symptoms or the stress of being monitored by others
Sadness, anger, or frustration caused by concerns that a friend or relative may be infected by contact with you, even though you have been determined to be non-infectious
Feeling guilty for not being able to do normal work or care for children during containment
Other emotional or mental health changes
Children may show anxiety, anxiety, or other intense feelings when they or someone they know releases from containment.

Information for respondents
Working in response to COVID-19 can cause emotional damage and secondary trauma stress. Secondary trauma stress is not a direct exposure to a traumatic event, but rather a stress response and symptom that results from exposure to another person’s traumatic experience.

There are things you can do to reduce your secondary traumatic stress response.

Everyone who helps my family after a trauma event can be affected by secondary trauma stress.
Learn about physical (fatigue, disease) and mental (fear, avoidance, guilt) symptoms.
Take time for you and your family to recover from the pandemic response.
Make a list of personal self-care activities you can enjoy, such as spending time with friends and family, exercising, or reading a book.
Please stop watching the press release of COVID-19.
If you are extremely stressed or worried about whether you can care for your family and patients, as before the spread of COVID-19, ask for help.
Find out more about how to take care of yourself in an emergency.

Public icon
Reduce social stigma
Chat icon
Prevent the spread of rumors without grounds
References
Information everyone needs

Responding to disasters or traumatic events

How to deal with stress in the event of an infectious disease pdf iconexternal icon
Behavioral health care during the outbreak of infectious diseases
Information for families and children

 

 

Reviewer overview

How to Deal with Stress During Infectious Diseases - /10

Summary

The onset of coronavirus infection 2019 (COVID-19) can be stressful for people. Fear and anxiety about the disease can appear very badly and can cause intense emotions in adults and children.

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