A Leap in the Financing of Scientific Research in Algeria
Abdel Hafiz Orok, director general of scientific research and technological development in Algeria, said: “The government has allocated to finance scientific research an annual budget of 20 billion Algerian dinars from this year until 2023, after not exceeding 5 billion dinars annually.”
The aim of this increase is to develop centers and laboratories for active research and to spend on scientific research directly related to the needs of the national economy.
In this way, Algeria is entering a new phase in which scientific research leads the locomotive of economic development, as the papers indicate. This indicates that this is achieved through the building of a research system with its various physical, human, financial and legal components and in coordination with all economic institutions in the country, both public and private.
“There are new stringent conditions for funding projects with a social and economic impact only,” especially after we worked through the national strategy for research in the past years to establish a good starting point for scientific research by providing researchers with all necessary means and equipment, according to papers.
Mokhtar Salami, director of technological development and innovation at the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, pointed out that the number of researchers working in Algerian economic institutions does not exceed 300, while the number of researchers and university researchers reaches 30,000.
To change this situation, Salami told SciDev.Net: “The ministry has adopted a new plan to link the university to the economic and social reality by starting, starting in September, direct funding for doctoral students who carry out their research projects within economic and social institutions, National economy, with an annual assessment of those research to see how long it lasts. ”
In order to rationalize the expenditure on scientific research, the ministry suspended the funding of more than 300 informants out of 1207 because of its negative results over the past two years, while 70% provided a positive result of its activities, which contributed to the emergence of Algeria, during the last three years. In terms of the average number of scientific publications, of which 91% were in the field of science and technology, according to Salami.
Salami also explains that the goal of doubling the budge, despite the financial crisis that Algeria has known in the recent period is to seek new sources of national income other than oil.
According to the researcher at the National Institute for Agricultural Research, the increase in spending on scientific research will not be reflected quickly on the scientific research system, but it will take longer to adapt to the new mechanisms and conditions developed by the ministry.
“These mechanisms have reduced the number of research and research teams carried out under regulatory regulations, and the requirement to obtain funding for economic institutions is very difficult, unless the government requires public and private companies to receive researchers at their laboratories and sign cooperation agreements with researchers to contribute to Achieving a knowledge economy “.
The researcher believes that the ministry’s quest to connect researchers, working on a subject, through unified laboratories, is very important in order to speed up the achievement of scientific output and turn it into an economic product.
“The five-year plan for the years 2008-2012 has been allocated a financial envelope of 100 billion dinars,” said Zoghbi, head of the National Union of Permanent Scholars of Algeria, a specialist in rural development. “The funds were not at any time an impediment to scientific research in Algeria, Did not spend only 35 billion dinars. ”
“The main obstacle to scientific research in Algeria is regulation,” Zogby told the network. “The previous laws and the administrative bureaucracy used to support heads of research teams and laboratories in universities and research centers in the process of spending on research equipment and supplies.” Now all these obstacles have been removed.
In the framework of the new draft law on scientific research and technological development, and on the integration of scientific research into economic and social institutions, Zogby draws attention to a major obstacle, the lack of confidence of Algerian institutions Algerian scientific director, despite its quality and adaptation to the economic, social and environmental conditions of the country.
Massoud Amarna, secretary-general of the National Union of University Professors, believes that Algerian economic institutions have no choice but to engage in the government’s effort to settle technology.
Amarna calls for the establishment of a book of conditions for public and private economic institutions to integrate researchers in the course of developing their production, and to involve all ministries and sectors in this new path. “Scientific research is not the responsibility of the competent ministry alone.”