Emmanuel Macron Again “Plays” Role in Libya
Emmanuel Macron is once again trying to regain control of the Libyan issue, which has been stalled since the last conference that brought together just a year ago.
The main actors of the crisis in Libya will be gathered Tuesday in Paris for an international conference, which should include preparing the holding of elections by the end of the year in the country.
The country’s decision makers will be present in Paris: Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, Marshal Khalifa Haftar, strongman of the east of the country, the Speaker of the House of Representatives Aguila Salah Issa and the President of the State Council Khaled al-Mishri. In total, twenty countries, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, will be represented at the meeting, organized under the patronage of the United Nations.
A road map on the table
The goal for the Élysée is “to obtain a common road map on which the highest authorities of the Libyan institutions are committed for the first time”. This provides for “the holding of presidential and legislative elections by the end of the year”, as well as a “simplification of Libyan institutions” with a single central bank and a single Parliament, and a work of unification of the armed forces in the country. A milestone is planned in the form of a conference in three months.
Representatives of the four main institutions of the country have agreed in principle to commit to a common text, says one at the Elysee. “All agree that the status quo is unsustainable, and if we succeed, it will be a decisive step and a real success for the Libyans.”
But the process of pacification of the country promises to be difficult. Several initiatives launched in this direction in recent years have come up against the deep political rivalries that cross the country. Already in 2017, Emmanuel Macron had organized a meeting at the Celle-Saint-Cloud to obtain the signing of a ceasefire and the organization of elections in spring 2018. Just the summit completed, the two brothers The enemies, Marshal Haftar and Fayez al-Sarraj, had once again broken their differences through the media.
On the ground, the security situation remains precarious: the violence is still permanent, the trafficking of weapons and human beings considerable. Libya remains divided between the internationally recognized national unity government (GNA), based in Tripoli and established after the 2015 Skhirat peace agreement, and a parallel government in the east supported by Marshal Haftar .