How to Protect Yourself from the New Coronavirus

Since March 020, the COVID-19 pandemic has become a part of our daily lives. However, as the vaccine is still being developed, there are more new cases. Therefore, remain vigilant as always, and It is still very useful to know how to protect yourself from the coronavirus.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “The best way to prevent disease is to avoid exposure to the virus.” You can take the following simple steps to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 and protect yourself and others.

Know how it spreads
Scientists are still studying COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, but according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this highly contagious virus appears to be most commonly in close contact between people through respiratory droplets (6 Within feet).

“The route of transmission can be respiratory droplets produced when a person coughs or sneezes, or direct physical contact with an infected person, such as shaking hands.”  NewYork-Presbyterian Medical Group Westchester internal medicine and infectious disease specialist, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Said Dr. David Goldberg, assistant professor of medicine at Surgeons.

The CDC also pointed out that COVID-19 can be spread through airborne transmission, although this is not as common as spreading through close contact with people. The CDC states: “Some infections can be spread by exposure to virus droplets and particles, which can stay in the air for several minutes to several hours.” “These viruses can be 6 feet away from the The space where the infected person has just left, infects others. These transmissions occur in enclosed spaces with insufficient ventilation.”

Finally, the coronavirus may spread on contaminated surfaces, but this is also less common. The CDC stated, “Based on laboratory research data on COVID-19 and our understanding of similar respiratory diseases, if someone touches a surface or object with the virus and then touches their own mouth, nose or eyes, then they may Infected with COVID-19, but this is not considered the main way the virus spreads.”

Keep social distance
Since close contact between people seems to be the main source of transmission, maintaining social distancing is still the main way to alleviate transmission. CDC recommends keeping a distance of approximately 6 feet from other people in public places. This distance will help you avoid direct contact with respiratory droplets caused by coughing or sneezing.

In addition, studies have found that outdoor spaces with sufficient distance and good ventilation can reduce the risk of exposure. “Compared with indoors, the virus transmitted outdoors has decreased by as much as 80%,” said Assistant Attending Physician in the Department of Medicine at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Assistant Professor at Mailman School of Public Health and Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons Dr. Ashwin Vasan said. “A study found that of the 318 outbreaks in China that resulted in 1,245 confirmed cases, only one occurred outdoors. This is very important. I suggest that if you want to meet people, you meet outside. I’m not talking about attending. Sports events or concerts, but walking or going to the park, or talking to others in a safe distance outdoors.”

handwashing
Maintaining good personal hygiene is an important habit that helps prevent the spread of COVID-19. Use these CDC recommendations as part of your daily activities:

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially in public places or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
Cleaning is particularly important:
Before eating or preparing food
Before touching your face
After going to the toilet
After leaving a public place
After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
After processing the mask
After changing the diaper
After taking care of the patient
After touching animals or pets
If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands with disinfectant and rub them together until it feels dry.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
Visit the CDC website for guidance on how to properly wash your hands and use hand sanitizer. And watch the video below about how soap kills the coronavirus. This basic habit is supported by a lot of scientific evidence. Dr. Goldberg pointed out: “Soap molecules destroy the fat layer or shell around the virus.” Once the virus shell is destroyed, the virus becomes inactive. ”

In addition to washing hands, disinfect frequently touched surfaces every day, including desks, door handles, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, telephones, keyboards, toilets, faucets and sinks.

Wear mask
Masks have become an essential accessory to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. CDC recommends that people wear masks in public places, especially research shows that people with the new coronavirus may be asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic. (However, masks are not a substitute for social distancing, which means that you must keep a distance of 6 feet even if you wear a mask.)

“Masks are designed to provide a barrier between your respiratory tract and the outside world,” said Dr. Ole Vielemeyer, medical director of Weill Cornell ID Associates and Travel Medicine, NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medicine’s infectious diseases department. “Wearing a mask that can cover your mouth and nose, on the one hand, you can block your droplets in the mask, reducing your risk of being a source of disease transmission. On the other hand, you can also prevent droplets from entering your respiratory tract, reducing the risk of carrying coronavirus. Risk of getting sick from the droplets.”

Restrict your travel
Traveling may increase the spread of COVID-19 and put you at risk of developing the disease. CDC recommends that during a pandemic, unnecessary travel abroad should be avoided. It is also recommended that people weigh the risks when traveling domestically: CDC stated: “Travel increases the chance of people contracting and spreading COVID-19.” “Stay at home is the best way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. ”

Dr. Goldberg pointed out: “It is prudent to avoid travel for people who are at high risk of complications from COVID-19 such as potential health problems or older age.”

If you must travel, please take safety precautions, consider the mode of transportation, and keep abreast of destination restrictions. Following your state’s post-travel quarantine regulations will help prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Pay attention to symptoms
The symptoms of coronavirus infection are usually similar to other respiratory virus infections (such as influenza). Symptoms may include:

Fever or chills
cough
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
fatigue
Muscle or body pain
headache
New taste loss
Sore throat
Stuffy or runny nose
Nausea or vomiting
diarrhea
As the COVID-19 pandemic now coincides with the flu season, it is important to recognize the difference in symptoms and get flu shots. “The medical community is worried that if the number of our flu cases increases, this will make the hospital system more nervous when the COVID-19 pandemic has already occurred.” Dr. Ting Ting Wong, attending physician and infectious disease expert at New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital Say.

If you think you have been in contact with someone who has COVID-19 and have symptoms, please call your doctor’s office to check if you can be tested. You can also use virtual care platforms, such as NYP OnDemand by NewYork-Presbyterian, to meet with healthcare professionals via video conferencing. If you need to leave home when you are sick, avoid contact with others and wear a mask.

How to prepare for NewYork-Presbyterian
NewYork-Presbyterian continues to monitor the situation closely and implement the recommendations provided by our local and state health departments and CDC. Our medical staff are trained to identify patients who may be infected with this virus and help prevent the spread of COVID-19.

We understand the importance of family and friends support for patients during their hospital stay. Keep up to date with NewYork-Presbyterian’s visitor guide. Avoiding infection of patients and visitors is our top priority.

For more information about the changing situation and how to protect yourself from the coronavirus, please visit the CDC and check NewYork-Presbyterian for more updates.

Check out all our articles on COVID-19 here.

Other resources
If you have concerns about COVID-19, please call the NewYork-Presbyterian hotline: 646-697-4000. This hotline is a public service that only provides information and does not provide diagnosis, treatment, or medical advice.

If you feel unwell, consider using NewYork-Presbyterian’s virtual emergency care to deal with non-life-threatening symptoms such as fever, cough, stomach upset, or nausea. Please visit nyp.org/urgentcare for more information.

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