How to Treat and Prevent Herpes

Herpes is a pain that many people can’t tell, because herpes usually grows on the lips or the sensitive area of the external genitalia. The tingling sensation during the attack is really making people want to cry but can’t cry. In addition to pain, herpes recurring from time to time is even more troublesome. It is not difficult for doctors to guess whether it is herpes or not, because this disease is very characteristic. When a patient walks into the clinic with a frown and tired face, sees the clusters growing on the lips. For small blisters, doctors can often make a diagnosis without waiting for the patient to speak.

Herpes does not sound like a serious disease, but why do we have to spend so much time writing an article? Because according to the statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO), there are 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 in the world (about 67% of the world population) infected with the simple herpes virus type I (HSV-1), and another 400 million 15-49-year-old population is infected with the simple herpes virus HSV-2 (about 11% of the world’s population), so everyone around you, including yourself, may be a victim of herpes virus!

Although herpes is not difficult to diagnose from the clinical symptoms, in fact, in addition to cold sores that grow on the lips, this disease may also grow on the perineum of men and women to form genital herpes. In addition, it may also develop herpes on other parts of the body. .

What is the cause of herpes?

How will it be contagious? Is there any way to prevent seizures and avoid infection? The team doctors will review the literature and sort out the latest knowledge for your reference!

How is herpes contagious? What is the difference between cold sores and genital herpes?
There are actually many types of herpes viruses, each of which causes different diseases. For example, the varicella virus that causes human chickenpox and shingles is a type of herpes virus. But the herpes that everyone talks about usually refers to the disease that is transmitted by the simple herpes virus (Herpes Simplex Virus, HSV). There are many types of Simple Herpes Virus (HSV), and there are two common types:

Herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1): The most common infection on the lips produces cold sores.
Simple herpes virus type 2 (HSV-2): The most common infection of the external genitalia, resulting in genital herpes.

If HSV is type 1 it will infect the upper lips, and type 2 is the external genitalia underneath, one up and two down, clearly. But in fact it is not that simple. After all, there are many ways of human sexual behavior. Sometimes the virus in the mouth can also infect the genitals, and the virus in the genitals can also infect the mouth!

The disease of herpes is usually diagnosed by doctors based on experience, which means that the doctors can make judgments without blood sampling or laboratory tests. Unless the symptoms are very vague and the doctor is not sure, special sampling or blood sampling is needed for further examination. But the characteristics of this disease are obvious, and doctors can usually see what the problem is at a glance.

The process of herpes virus outbreak
The characteristic of the simple herpes virus is that it enters the epidermis and dermis from the surface of the skin and mucous membranes, and finally penetrates into the nerve endings of the sensory and autonomic nerves, and then it will be lurking in the nerve tissues, and wait until your immunity declines. When the time comes, run out to attack you again. The onset of herpes is usually acute and sudden. At first, it may feel hot spurs at the lesion (most commonly the corner of the mouth or the external genitalia), or it may be accompanied by a red reaction, and then clusters will appear. Sex and small blisters that make you feel very tingling. The pain may last for 10-14 days. After the blisters are dry or naturally broken, the wound will slowly heal and return to normal. Until the next time your immunity is weakened, the herpes virus will once again run out of the latent nerve tissue and cause trouble. Even if you are infected with the herpes virus, the herpes virus infection is asymptomatic for most of your life.

Since herpes is a disease that will recur again and again, how do you know if it is the first or more than the second time?

Studies have pointed out that usually the incubation period of the first infection is short, most of which is about a week, and then it is sometimes accompanied by systemic symptoms, such as fatigue or local lymphatic enlargement, before small blisters grow. However, patients with more than the second infection usually have less systemic symptoms, and local redness, itching, and pain are often the signs before the onset of the disease.

According to research statistics, without the use of antiviral drugs, patients who are infected with HSV-2 for the first time usually have 4 episodes within a year, and about 40% of patients have more than 6 episodes within a year, even 20 % Of patients will have more than ten episodes a year. In contrast, the recurrence rate of HSV-1 patients is not so high, which is about once a year on average. However, the frequency of seizures depends on the patient’s physique, especially the immune function. The worse the immune system, the more likely it is to seize!

Reviewer overview

How to Treat and Prevent Herpes - /10

Summary

Herpes is a pain that many people can't tell, because herpes usually grows on the lips or the sensitive area of the external genitalia.

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