Symptoms Causes and Treatment for Herpes

Herpes is an infection caused by HSV (herpes simplex virus). It affects the external genitalia, the anal region, the mucosal surfaces and the skin of other parts of the body.

Herpes is considered a long-term illness. However, many people have never had the symptoms, even if they carry the virus.

Symptoms include blisters, ulcers, dysuria, cold sores, and vaginal discharge. Although there is no cure, it can be treated with medications and home remedies.

In this article, we are going to talk about herpes symptoms, how to treat it, and how to prevent it.

Quick facts about herpes:
There are two types of herpes simplex virus: HSV-1 (herpes type 1 or oral herpes) and HSV-2 (herpes type 2 or genital herpes).
It is impossible to get genital herpes on a toilet seat.
Symptoms
Herpes is an infection caused by HSV.
Most people do not experience symptoms for months or years after becoming infected with the virus. Patients who experience symptoms during the initial stage will generally begin to notice them about 4 days after exposure (the average round between 2 and 12 days).

Many people with HSV have recurrent herpes. When someone first becomes infected, recurrences tend to appear more frequently. However, with the passage of time, the remission periods lengthen, so when they appear they tend to become less severe.

Symptoms during primary infection
Primary infection is a term used during a genital herpes outbreak and occurs when a person is first infected. The symptoms can be quite severe and include:

blisters and ulcers on the external genitalia, vagina, or cervix;
vaginal discharge;
pain and itching;
swollen and tender lymph nodes;
dysuria;
high temperatures (fever);
discomfort (feeling bad);
cold sores, or
red blisters on the skin
In most cases, ulcers are usually healed and individuals will not have lasting scars.

Symptoms during recurrent infection
Symptoms that appear in a recurring infection tend to be less severe and do not last as long as in the primary infection phase. Typically, symptoms will not last more than 10 days and include:

burning or tingling sensation around the genitals, prior to the appearance of blisters;
appearance of blisters and ulcers on the cervix;
cold sores, or
red blisters.
Sometimes, less frequent and severe recurrences may appear.

Causes
When HSV occurs on the surface of the skin in an infected person, it can be easily transmitted to another individual through the moist skin that lines the mouth, anus, and genitals. The virus can also spread to other individuals through other areas of the skin, such as the area around the eyes.

A human being cannot be infected with HSV by touching an object, work surface, sink, or towel that has been handled by an infected person. The infection can appear in the following situations:

During unprotected vaginal or anal sex.
During oral sex with a person suffering from cold sores.
During the exchange of sex toys.
During genital contact with an infected person.
The virus is more likely to spread just before the blister appears, when it is visible, and until it has completely healed. HSV can be passed to another person even if there are no signs of an outbreak, although it is less likely.

If a mother with genital herpes suffers from sores during labor, she may pass the infection on to the baby.

Treatment
There is a wide variety of treatments, including:

Home remedies
Baths with a little salt can relieve herpes symptoms.
There are many home remedies that can help, such as:

Intake of pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Salt water baths help relieve symptoms.
Hot baths in general.
The application of petroleum jelly on the affected area.
Avoid tight clothing around the affected area.
Wash your hands thoroughly, especially after touching the affected area.
Do not have sex until the symptoms have disappeared.
In the case of dysuria, the application of a specific cream or lotion for the urethra, such as lidocaine, can relieve pain.
Some people believe that ice can help, however, it is not advisable to apply it directly to the skin, first, it should be wrapped with a garment or towel.

Medication
There is no medicine that can eliminate the herpes virus. Doctors may prescribe an antiviral drug, such as Acyclovir, that prevents the virus from multiplying. Antiviral medications will help the outbreak go away faster and reduce the severity of symptoms.

Doctors usually prescribe antiviral medications to the person experiencing the symptoms for the first time. Since recurrent outbreaks are usually mild, no treatment is necessary.

Episodic and suppressive treatment
Episodic treatment is generally prescribed for people who have fewer than six recurrences in 1 year. Doctors can prescribe antivirals for 5 days each time symptoms appear.

Doctors prescribe suppressive treatments if a person experiences more than six recurrences in a year. In some cases, the doctor may recommend that the individual take antiviral treatment indefinitely. The goal is to avoid multiple recurrences. Although suppressive treatment significantly reduces the risk of transmitting HSV to a partner, there are still some possibilities.

Tips for prevention
If you want to reduce the risk of developing or transmitting genital herpes:

use condoms when having sex;
do not have intercourse while symptoms are present (genital, anal, or skin rubbing);
not kissing when you have cold sores, and
don’t have multiple sexual partners.
Some people believe that stress, tiredness, illness, skin friction, or sun exposure can trigger recurrences of symptoms. Identifying and avoiding these triggers could help reduce the number of occurrences.

 

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Causes and Treatment for Herpes - /10

Summary

Herpes is an infection caused by HSV (herpes simplex virus). It affects the external genitalia, the anal region, the mucosal surfaces and the skin of other parts of the body.

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